Diy 5,8 GHz FPV patch antenna

I made a FPV 5.8GHz biquad antenna from scratch. This makes it a linear polarized antenna mustly suited for flying tiny whoops and other drones with a linear polarised antenna.

The tutorial includes the detailed construction of the antenna. Antenna has a 9-10 dBi upfront gain and 70% of the total gain at 60 degress, which makes it comparable to the middle priced patch antennas on market.

5,8 GHz FPV patch antenna

Parts required:

  • Coax cable with connector of your choice (I am using male SMA)
  • 50 x 40 mm blank PCB
  • 0.5-1 mm thick copper wire
  • Option: 3D printed cover

Making the reflector

From a black PCB cut out a 50 x 40 mm ractangle. (You can use any thin bladed saw but be careful of glass fibre dust that is not the best thing for your lungs.) To complete the refloctor mark and drill a 3mm hole in the middle.

The reflector should look like this.

Making the element

To make the element cut the 0.5 – 1mm thick copper wire at 104mm.

On the wire mark 8 13mm long sections and using pliers bend the wire in the correct shape. Using thinner wire will result in the easier bending but will be less structual rigit.

The end element should look like this:

Prepering the coax cable

Upon acquiring the coax cable stip obout 1 cm of outer insulation.

Once you have stripped down the insulation peel back the shielding to expose the inner insulation.

At last remove the inner insulation to expose the center conductor.

Assembling the antenna

Firstly route the coax cable through the previously made reflector. Make sure that the distance betwen the end of the insulation and reflector is 6mm.

Once the cable is inserted make sure it is facing straight out. Proceed with the soldering of the shielding to the reflector.

Proceed with the most tricky part of the assembly: Soldering the element to the coax. Solder one end to the center conductor and one to the shielding. Make sure they are not touching.

For the end you can 3d print a cover for your newly build antenna. STL file is awalible here: https://www.thingiverse.com/thing:4550555?fbclid=IwAR16yUGmdZZo_ozAh10Msc5Y5HOJ-F7W2w1ktqxOS49i9ML7czGfBLFo7pI

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